Fungi are a body fundamental to life on earth and are found everywhere around the globe, obviously, there are fungi that are harmful to cannabis plants but once they board a symbiotic relationship with cannabis plants, they’ll guarantee survival of various plant species, including cannabis.
Fungi play a significant role in nature and may have a beneficial relationship with plants, developing filaments that form a network that helps plants absorb nutrients.
WHAT ARE MYCORRHIZAE?
Mycorrhiza may be a symbiotic relationship that fungi can form with the roots of plants, during this relationship, the fungus feeds on the sugars (such as carbohydrates) produced by your plants through photosynthesis, and reciprocally, the fungus makes water and nutrients more available within the soil.
|Type of fungus||How it works|
|Ecto mycorrhizae||Live just outside the roots, protecting plants against diseases.|
|Endo mycorrhizae||Live inside the roots, help nutrient and water absorption in exchange for sugars.|
TYPES OF MYCORRHIZAE
This kind of relationship is often defined into two types, every one of them working somewhat differently but leading to similar benefits.
Ecto mycorrhizae fungi are those that form a beneficial relationship but sleep in the rhizosphere, these organisms live just outside the basis system and might be seen even without a microscope.
This type of symbiotic relationship is widespread worldwide. It is employed in all kinds of gardens because of its advantages as a natural biopesticide and its properties as a regulator, of fungi diseases.
Endo mycorrhizae are identical to ectomycorrhizae fungi but live inside the roots, bringing plenty of advantages to all or any plants, including cannabis.
This type of relationship is thought to develop a network between the roots and the hyphae (the fungus “roots”), allowing nutrient exchange between the fungus and the plants in exchange for the sugars that cannabis produces their natural processes.
HOW DO THEY WORK?
Mycorrhizae could be a symbiotic relationship between a number of plants and also the fungus, in most cases, the link is interdependent, this happens before mycorrhizal fungi are available in direct contact with the plant’s roots and therefore the medium, creating a giant network and increasing a plant’s ability to soak up nutrients and water. In exchange, the plant feeds the fungus sugar, leading to benefits for both.
Now, have in mind that sometimes this relationship can change; for instance, if you’re feeding synthetic fertilizers that feed the roots directly, your plant won’t need help to assemble nutrients and water, so your plant will find yourself feeding the fungus and getting nothing reciprocally, during this case, the connection has become a parasitic relationship and may see yourself affecting your plant’s growth.
To avoid this, you’ll be able to use organic nutrients like composting, super soil, or KNF that make the nutrients available within the medium; in this fashion, you’ll simulate what happens in nature and will find yourself having better results.
BENEFITS OF USING MYCORRHIZAE
Not only fungi but plenty of microorganisms bring several benefits to any or all plants; when talking about mycorrhizae, they’ll contribute to how your plant grows and improve its performance.
IMPROVES THE UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS
The roots absorb the nutrients within the soil as they grow, and once the nutrients surrounding them are consumed, they need to grow longer to look for brand spanking new soil where the nutrients haven’t been absorbed.
When a mycorrhizal relationship happens, the plant will use the nutrients more efficiently, resulting in more plant growth.
In this relationship, the plant absorbs nutrients and water while the fungus uses the carbohydrates and vitamins produced through photosynthesis; this can be why this relationship can contribute to an overall better harvest.
IMPROVES RESISTANCE TO DROUGHT
Mycorrhizal relationships enhance the plants’ ability to resist harmful environmental conditions, particularly when there’s not enough water within the medium because these fungi increase water storage capacity inside the roots.
Fungi create filaments near the roots that retain water that function small water reserves that benefit both the plant and fungus, leading to plants that require to be watered less often, this fashion avoiding overwatering and overfeeding.
Some forms of mycorrhizas can create a protective barrier around and inside the roots, which will stop some pathogens from attacking the roots and colonizing your plant.
This won’t make them wholly disease-proof, but whether or not the pathogen gets inside the roots, the structure the mycorrhizae create can protect your plant from diseases.
IMPROVES SOIL STRUCTURE AND RETAINS CARBON
The filaments (aka hyphae) of the mycorrhizae fungi spread relatively fast. These filaments form a structure, kind of like the structure of a plant’s roots.
By creating this network, soil particles bind together and improve soil aeration and water retention. They also produce glomalin, an essential compound in soil, and it’s accountable for storing ⅓ of the soil’s carbon.
Glomalin stabilizes the soil, preventing the carbon from leaking into the atmosphere, and might remain active even after the death of the fungi.
STOPS OTHER PLANTS FROM GROWING
Some fungi have the power to prevent other plants from growing while still letting the host plant thrive, which ends up in fewer weeds growing within the same area, allowing your plant to create the foremost out of the soil it’s planted in and ultimately increasing both quality and quantity of your harvest.
INTRODUCING MYCORRHIZAE TO YOUR GARDEN
It doesn’t matter what variety of soil you’re using, it’s possible it already contains some Mycorrhizae in it, but that doesn’t mean it’s helping your plants because the Mycorrhizae spores must are available contact along with your plants’ roots to be able to work together and that they don’t travel easily through the soil because they’re relatively big.
If you wish to create proper use and convey these benefits to your garden, there are a pair of the way. One is to shop for them in your local grow shop and also the other is to travel bent on the woods and gather them by yourself.
Depending on where you reside, it should be easier to travel to your local grow shop and buy Mycorrhizae, there are several products, and it’s pretty easy to search out them. These products come powdered, and it’s as easy as will be; just mix it with the soil or apply a touch on the roots before planting your cannabis, and you’re set.
For outdoor growers who are vulnerable to the weather, a Mycorrhizae population can help your plants withstand harsh weather and even when growing indoors. Mycorrhizae can help your plant make it through if you encounter problems with your growing equipment, and therefore, the conditions are compromised.
KNF: INDIGENOUS MICROORGANISMS (IMO)
Another way to introduce fungi to your garden is to gather them within the woods. This four-step process consists of capturing, cultivating, and preserving microorganisms naturally found and bringing them into your garden.
Now, remember that KNF was created by Master Cho as was designed to be made with the present fauna and flora in Korea, but you’ll be able to adapt the ingredients to what you’ll find where you reside.
First of all, you’ve got to gather the microorganisms. The most effective way is to gather the IMO near the rhizosphere of plants whose roots contain sugars. Some plants contain a high amount of sugars that attract bacterial-dominated microbes, nematodes, and fungi.
After the microorganisms have colonized everything, you’ll need to add refined sugar and canopy it with a breathable cloth in a cool place far from sunlight for seven days.
Now that your IMO #2 is prepared, you have got to multiply them. To do this, you’ll need to mix flour, fishpond water, and natural nutrients with 15ml of IMO.
If everything is finished correctly, it’ll start to heat up, meaning the processes have started, and you’ll mix the pile every two days to bring down the temperature and even out the warmth.
Now that the method has ended, you have to interrupt up the IMO #3 into small pieces, mix 10ml of biochar and blend it in an exceedingly 1:1 ratio with soil, letting it rest for another week. After this final step, you may have adequately inoculated IMO #4, and it’s now able to be used as a topsoil amendment.
Before trying it for yourself, we recommend glancing at our external references, where you’ll be ready to see an in-depth step-by-step of this process.
Here are some samples of Mycorrhizae fungi which will develop a symbiotic relationship with cannabis plants. Just remember that many of them work with specific plants, so you wish to settle on which ones are better for the plant you’re growing.
ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI
This one is the most typical of all fungi, and it can come with almost 90% of all plants on earth. These fungi penetrate the roots and build a network outside of it, where they bring about water and nutrients while they take advantage of carbohydrates produced by plants.
These fungi are found in nutrient-poor, and acidic soils like those found in forests, this group of fungi can interrupt down organic kinds of nitrogen into smaller pieces which help plants absorb it better.
Even though it should not seem to be a decent thing after you see mushrooms growing on top of your soil, now you recognize all of the advantages they create, and you’ll deliberate before removing them after they grow near your cannabis plants.
If you’ve had experience growing with the assistance of Mycorrhizae, help your fellow growers, leave a comment within the comment section below!